Definition of Drawing and Drawing history

Definition of Drawing and Drawing history

 “Drawing means to create a picture or diagram which can be made with pen, pencil, or crayon rather & than paint is called drawing”.

In simple words we can explain as “Drawing is an art of representing an object, plans, or outlining a figure, or sketch by means of lines” for example structure of house or office before construction.

 

History of Drawing?

Learn the history of drawing in its different stages:

Since the beginning of humanity, the human being has had the need to capture everything around him, his nature, his way of life, among others. They found in the drawing as a more entertaining means to leave records of their activities, which to date, has given us knowledge of how these people were.

The first drawings date back to the Upper Paleolithic, approximately 35,000 years ago, when Homo Sapiens reflected on the stones or rocky walls of the caves or on the skin of animals that hunted. In the world they have found these cave paintings, which today symbolize art since the beginnings of humanity.

Therefore, we will explain how art has been manifesting throughout each era, and how it is reflected today.

The Egyptian era:

Egyptian culture also knew how to recognize drawing as an expression of art. Thousands of years had passed for drawing to revolutionize in this part of the world. They passed a composition of an element, to more complex drawings, which had many details and where the color highlighted each theological representation of temples and shrines. In addition, they detailed the figure of the gods as a way of thanking the splendor of the Egyptian empire.

The Greek culture:

The Greeks were the greatest representatives of the drawing, because they worried about having the maximum perfect expression of the human being, who stripped them of all supernatural connotations, to focus and obtain harmony in their canvases.

Middle Ages (S.VIII- S.XV)

During this stage, the lively representations predominated, where the drawings are strokes that highlight the detail. With the Arab invasion a revolution was introduced in drawing and painting, because paper is created. With the Chinese invention, it is facilitated that illustration ceases to be an exclusive activity for monks, and is now more accessible to all. From that moment, the color drawing is already manifested.

The Renaissance:

At this stage of humanity, what is most important is to recognize beauty and know how to express it. In the Greco-Roman culture, the natural and the simple are imposed again. In addition, busts of thousands of portraits are reflected. The female nude begins to be artistic pieces of many creations. Therefore, the drawing ascends to have more prominence thanks to the new color techniques.

From the nineteenth century, new styles such as romanticism, realism, impressionism, impressionism, cubism, surrealism, among others, are disseminated. These styles of art, especially drawing, have contributed some techniques to express new approaches to the society in which they lived, and how they are living now.

The modern Era:

From the beginnings of humanity to the middle ages, the drawing has evolved, but already in the early Renaissance, and with the new techniques of Leonard Da Vinci, the drawing another perspective, and is already more specialized.

Now, there are two types of drawing, artistic and technical. The first classified the drawings to express aesthetic, philosopher and abstract ideas. The second is to represent typography, architecture, buildings, among others. In addition, the techniques made use of traditional media such as ink, graphite, carbon, colored pencil, watercolor, etc.

Digital Art:

Now, the drawing is no longer only drawn on sheets of paper, or canvases, but it becomes digital drawings, that is, it can be translated into digital devices such as computers. The first neo-impressionist painter was Seurat, who created a new technique, which would be what we know as pixels. He made the color more defined in the digital age.

In the 90’s, these drawings could be edited on digital devices or devices, and thousands of copies could even be printed. From the date, the illustration and the digital drawing can already be known. In addition, we know the 3D animations, which can be edited in different design programs.

 

The drawing has been taking new techniques, and can be translated into traditional media such as canvases or paper, and also digital devices.

Since then, art has been changing according to the times, and the style that each artist of one of those stages added or changed to create drawing styles such as impressionism, realism, romanticism, among others.

Now, drawing is still a way to express what we feel, what we want. For example, some artists have reflected on their canvases what they live. One of them is Frida Kahlo, who embodied her physical pain and emotions in her paintings. Like her, there are several illustrators that shape her life, her emotions, and her way of seeing the world.

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